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Division of Botany

Division of Botany

  There are around 300,000 known species of plant in the world today. They can be classified as algae, bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Due to lack of vascular bundles (the system for transportation of nutrients and fluid within plants), algae and bryophytes are known as 'non-vascular plants'. There are approximately 1,500 species of bryophyte in Taiwan and it features extremely high diversity.By contrast, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms do have vascular bundles, and are consequently called 'vascular plants'. Among the vascular plants presently known in Taiwan, angiosperms make up the majority with over 3,600 species in 228 families, followed by ferns with around 650 species in 37 families, and then gymnosperms with 28 species in eight families. Nearly one quarter of these are endemic to Taiwan. In addition, there are also about 5,740 recorded species of fungi (Eumycota) in this island. Although fungi are no longer classified as plants, the study of mushrooms and other fungi is still included in the Division of Botany`s research scope because of conservation requirements.

  To remedy the lack of basic information about plant in Taiwan , ESRI has proactively undertaken inventory surveys and systematic taxonomy researches of Taiwan`s vascular plants, bryophytes, and fungi by county and metropolitan area since 1992. Through these researches, ESRI has established species lists and images and basic distribution information. They are useful in preserving Taiwan`s biological diversity, utilizing resources sustainably, restoring endangered plants, and supporting local government conservation work, as well as in enabling long-term researches and monitoring. Furthermore, in order to slow down the ongoing spread of non-native invasive species and to minimize their impact on Taiwan`s economy and environment, ESRI has also explored and researched the ecology and spread trends of specific invasive species, and has drawn up appropriate strategies for their prevention. In the area of ecological engineering, ESRI began collecting information related to ecological engineering methods which are that helpful to preserve the stability of ecosystems and environments, species diversity, and the integrity and continuity of species habitat corridors in 2005. The Institute has also established a portal website and an information enquiry platform for the use of engineers and other members of society.

Rhododendron rubropilosum Hayata var. taiwanalpinum(Ohwi) S. Y. Lu, Y. P. Yang & Y. H. Tseng(by Ai Tai-Lin)
Rhododendron rubropilosum Hayata var. taiwanalpinum(Ohwi) S. Y. Lu, Y. P. Yang & Y. H. Tseng(by Ai Tai-Lin)
Adenophora morrisonensis Hayata sub sp.uehatae(Yamam.) Lammers(by Ai Tai-Lin)
Adenophora morrisonensis Hayata sub sp. uehatae(Yamam.) Lammers(by Ai Tai-Lin)
Solmsiella biseriate is a rare species only distributed in low-altitude areas of Nantou County(by Yang Jia-Dong)
Solmsiella biseriate is a rare species  in taiwan only distributed in low-altitude areas of Nantou County(by Yang Jia-Dong)
Strobilomyces seminudus is newly-recorded species found by ESRI(by Chen Jian-Ming)
Strobilomyces seminudus is a newly-recorded species found by ESRI(by Chen Jian-Ming)
 
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