a. Flora and Fungi Bio-inventory Surveys
Already, the Institute has completed bio-inventories of vascular plants and fungi in counties and cities on whole island and bio-inventories of bryophytes in central regions. Researchers have collected over 50,000 records and made a total of 29,020 plant specimens. In addition, researchers have published papers on six new species and 49 new records of fungi, and 41 new records of vascular plant in Taiwan..
b. Rare and Endemic Plant Restoration
ESRI has compiled basic information for
rare and endangered plants, including
Hygrophila pogonocalyx Hayata,
Nymphoides lungtanensis S. P. Li, T. H. Hsieh & C. C. Lin,
Podocarpus nakaii Hayata, and other species. Researchers have also drawn up restoration projects for
Hygrophila pogonocalyx Hayata and established taskforces responsible for the work of rehabilitating these species.
c. Non-native Plant Investigation and Research
Regrding non-native, invasive plants, the Institute has established a list of over 400 introduced/naturalized plant species in Taiwan and has undertaken studies of the spread and damage of the Siam weed (
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob.), the Mile-a-minute weed (
Mikania micrantha H. B. K.) and the Common parthenium (
Parthenium hysterophorus L.). Of these, the Mile-a-minute weed has already spread over a largest area, reaching over 40,000 hectares, mostly in central and southern Taiwan. Siam weed is most prevalent in south Taiwan, while Common parthenium has only been found in coastal cities and counties in western and southern Taiwan. Besides, ESRI researchers have used the dense growth of native aquatic plants to effectively prevent the spread of the introduced species Rice cutgrass (
Leersia hexandra Sw.).
d. Website and Database Creation
ESRI has established three websites related to
wild plant bio-inventories and ecological engineering, as follows:
TaiwanWild Plant Database
As of December 2011, this website contained basic information on 7,645 species of plant, 82,464 inventory records, 29,020 specimens, and 15,398 photographs and pictures of 2,723 species of wild plant in Taiwan..
ii.Ecotechnology and Biodiversity Research Information Service of Taiwan
This website contains information on ecological engineering personnel, research papers, laws and regulations, case studies, education, and other resources.
iii.Ecotechnology Information Network
This website was established to provide information on the life cycles and basic ecological requirements of native species, ecological investigation and testing methods for engineering projects, native plant seedling suppliers, construction of stone walls, and practical cases of ecoengineering, etc.
Nymphoides Iungtanensis S. P. Li. T. H. Hsieh & C. C. Lin(by Huang Chao-Ching)
Gymnopi lus spectabilis (Fr.) Sing (by Huang Shu-fen)